Student Services FAQs

What is Special Education?

What is an IEP?

What is a PPT?

What are Related Services?

Special Education
Special Education is education provided to a child with an identified disability who needs a specially designed instructional program to meet his/her unique needs and to enable the child to access the general curriculum of the school district. It may include special classes, programs, or services. Special education is provided at no cost to you or your child.

As a parent of a child who has or who may have a disability that requires specially designed instruction, you will work with a team of educators and, as appropriate, specialists to determine the needs of your child and to design an appropriate program to address your child’s educational needs.


If your child is determined to be eligible for special education services, you will begin the team process of developing an IEP to meet the specific needs of your child. The IEP is a written plan that describes in detail your child's special education program. A few key elements of a child’s IEP include the following:
  • Present levels of educational performance;
  • Measurable educational goals for the coming year and short-term instructional objectives derived from those goals;
  • Evaluation procedures and performance criteria;
  • The extent to which your child will participate in the regular education program;
  • The extent to which your child will not participate in the general education program, and the justification for removal from general education;
  • Modifications and accommodations your child needs to participate in the general education curriculum including nonacademic and extracurricular activities;
  • Special education and related services required by your child including transportation and physical and vocational education programs;
  • Recommended instructional settings and a list of people who will work with your child;
  • The date services will begin and end, and the frequency of the identified services;
  • The length of the school day and year;
  • Whether modifications are needed to facilitate CMT/CAPT testing;
  • Recommendations for participation in alternate assessments (if needed); and
  • Transition service needs.

You have the right to:

  • Receive a copy of your child's IEP within five school days after the PPT meeting held to develop or revise your child’s IEP;
  • Bring others with you to the PPT meeting who have knowledge or expertise regarding your child or who provide support; and
  • Tape-record PPT meetings. Be sure to inform other members of the team prior to recording the meeting.

A Planning and Placement Team (PPT) reviews referrals to special education, determines if your child needs to be evaluated, decides which evaluations will be given to your child, and determines whether your child is eligible for special education services.

As a valued participant of the PPT, you will be working with teachers, school administrators, pupil services personnel, and, as appropriate, other specialists whose expertise may be helpful in designing and interpreting your child’s evaluations.

Related Services
Related services are those services that are required in order for a child to benefit from special education.

Related services may include, but not be limited to, psychological and counseling services, language, speech and hearing, guidance, social work, transportation, physical and occupational therapy and medical services that is required for diagnostic or evaluation purposes.